South Sudan: Overview
More about our Emergency Response in South Sudan
International Medical Corps is currently monitoring the evolution of the nutrition crisis in South Sudan. The torrential rains in this region during the months of July and August make roads and rivers impassible, making it even more challenging for aid agencies to provide necessary services. This season comes on the heels of six months of war that has uprooted 1.1 million people. While men, women and children leave their homes in search of safety from violence, they face further dangers such as hunger, disease and other medical concerns. Displaced persons have been unable to plant crops and therefore the country is unable to feed itself. Humanitarian assistance is crucial to the survival of the people of South Sudan; however, access and security concerns to the highest priority areas with little or no nutrition support remains a serious problem. International Medical Corps is working with other UN and NGO agencies to improve access to these areas.
Country History: The First and Second Sudanese Civil Wars between North and South Sudan spanned most of the last 50 years. The latter claimed nearly two million lives and left four million others homeless. The civil war ended in 2005 with the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), giving South Sudan autonomy and its people the right to self-determination through a referendum on independence after six years. The referendum took place in January 2011 and the Republic of South Sudan became a sovereign state on July 9, 2011. However, despite many successes under the CPA, South Sudan has recenlty returned to violence and remains one of the most underdeveloped areas in the world.
International Medical Corps began implementing programs in South Sudan more than a decade before the CPA was signed. Early programs focused on delivery of primary and secondary health services, as well as the reduction of neglected tropical diseases including River Blindness (Onchocerciasis) and Sleeping Sickness (Trypanosomiasis) among others.
Response: Today, International Medical Corps works in rural and urban areas focusing on improving immediate and long-term health service provision. Our work in 87 primary and secondary health facilities impacts 11 counties across 6 states on both sides of the Nile River. Through these and other structures, International Medical Corps serves more than 483,000 refugees, returnees, and other vulnerable populations with a fully integrated package of public health services such as primary health care (including maternal and child health), secondary health care, HIV/AIDS, nutrition, Water/Sanitation, and capacity building programs.