The Republic of Haiti is a small Caribbean nation plagued by a history of earthquakes, instability and dictatorship. As a result, Haiti as the poorest nation in the Americas. The small nation, which shares the island of Hispaniola with the Dominican Republic, was the first black-led republic and the first independent state in the Caribbean after a revolution against the French colonialist in the early 19th century. Haiti is frequently plagued by natural disasters and is ill-equipped to deal with the aftermath. The country is heavily reliant on international aid. Seventy-eight percent of the population lives on less than $2 a day.
When the 7.0 earthquake struck Port-au-Prince in January 2010, International Medical Corps was on-the-ground saving lives within 22 hours. During the initial emergency response, International Medical Corps deployed more than 400 medical volunteers to provide lifesaving care to Haitians. International Medical Corps has continued working in Haiti since the devastating earthquake by providing important medical care and responding to the ongoing cholera outbreak and Hurricane Sandy in 2012.
As of April, 2013, International Medical Corps Haiti is focused strategically on the North and North East Departments of Haiti, due to the vulnerability of the population. International Medical Corps is operational out of Cap Haitien; Haiti’s second largest city (North Department) and Fort Liberty (North East Department). Flooding in Northern Haiti in November 2014 and January 2015 has exacerbated risks for cholera, typhoid and malaria.