Barrier Analysis of Infant & Young Child Feeding and Maternal Nutrition Behaviors Among Adolescent Syrian Refugees in Urban Areas, Turkey

Turkey has the highest density of Syrian refugees, hosting an estimated 2.7 million registered Syrian refugees (UNHCR July 2016). International Medical Corps was awarded a TOPS Microgrant to lead a Barrier Analysis (BA) training of local and international partner organizations and three assessments in northern and southern Turkey to examine among adolescent girls the determinants of three key infant and young child feeding (IYCF) and maternal nutrition behaviors that have been promoted among displaced Syrians, but have not shown any significant improvement: 1) exclusive breastfeeding, (2) ensuring iron rich food during complementary feeding and (3) eating an extra meal during pregnancy. This BA represents one of the few assessments focused on adolescents and it specifically highlights the particular challenges and needs faced by adolescent mothers related to their nutritional status, as well as that of their children. This BA also represents one of the few assessments conducted on IYCF practices in Turkey. Nine determinants were found to be significant for EBF, 7 determinants for complementary feeding with iron rich food, and 9 determinants for an extra meal during pregnancy. This report details these determinants and provides recommendations on how evidence from these assessments should be used to inform activity planning in International Medical Corps and other agencies’ programs in Turkey, as well as contribute to advocacy toward policy changes that may be necessary to support behavior change.

Start Date:2016

End Date:2016

Donors: United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Technical, Operational, and Program Support (TOPS)

Publications: Food Security and Nutrition Network